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SYNTAX_ERROR: ‘“LastName”’ must be an aggregate expression or appear in GROUP BY clause

I have a two tables, main_table & staging_table, main_table contains original data whereas staging_table contains the few of the updated records that I have to add into with main_table data, and for that I am using unique id –PersonID and arrival time – date Below is the query which I am able to execute into SQL

SELECT PersonID, LastName, FirstName, Address, City, max(date) 
from 
(
select PersonID, LastName, FirstName, Address, City, date from main_table
UNION
select PersonID, LastName, FirstName, Address, City, date from staging_table
) as t
GROUP by t.PersonID;

but while executing into AWS Athena, I am getting following error, SYNTAX_ERROR: ‘”LastName”‘ must be an aggregate expression or appear in GROUP BY clause

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Answer

I suspect that the other columns might differ and you actually want the full record from the most recent date. If this is the case, use row_number():

select p.*
from (select p.*,
             row_number() over (partition by personid order by date desc) as seqnum
      from ((select PersonID, LastName, FirstName, Address, City, date
             from main_table
            ) union all
            (select PersonID, LastName, FirstName, Address, City, date
             from staging_table
            )
           ) p
     ) p
where seqnum = 1;

This select one row per PersonId with the most recent date. The columns come from the most recent row.

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