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List all foreign keys PostgreSQL

I need a query that returns:

“table_name”, “field_name”, “field_type”, “contraint_name”

until now i have:

select conrelid::regclass AS table_name,
       regexp_replace(pg_get_constraintdef(c.oid), '.*((.*))', '1') as fields,
       conname as contraint_name
from   pg_constraint c
join   pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.connamespace
join   pg_attribute at on 
--join   pg_type t ON t.typnamespace = n.oid
where  contype ='f' 

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Answer

A foreign key may be based on multiple columns, so conkey and confkey of pg_constraint are arrays. You have to unnest the arrays to get a list of column names or types. You can use these functions:

create or replace function get_col_names(rel regclass, cols int2[])
returns text language sql as $$
    select string_agg(attname, ', ' order by ordinality)
    from pg_attribute,
    unnest(cols) with ordinality
    where attrelid = rel
    and attnum = unnest
$$;

create or replace function get_col_types(rel regclass, cols int2[])
returns text language sql as $$
    select string_agg(typname, ', ' order by ordinality)
    from pg_attribute a
    join pg_type t on t.oid = atttypid,
    unnest(cols) with ordinality
    where attrelid = rel
    and attnum = unnest
$$;

The functions may be very handy when querying constraints and indexes. Your query is nice and simple with them:

select 
    conrelid::regclass,
    get_col_names(conrelid, conkey) col_names,
    get_col_types(conrelid, conkey) col_types,
    conname
from pg_constraint
where contype ='f';

 conrelid | col_names | col_types |        conname         
----------+-----------+-----------+------------------------
 products | image_id  | int4      | products_image_id_fkey
(1 row)
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