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Defining the sort order of children in a hierarchy query

I would like to know the Oracle SQL query that orders the children in a hierarchy query by the sequence_within_parent column.

An example data set and query are:

create table tasks (task_id                 number
                    ,parent_id               number
                    ,sequence_within_parent number
                    ,task                    varchar2(30)
                    );
insert into tasks values ( 1, NULL, 0, 'Task 1');
insert into tasks values ( 2,    1, 1, 'Task 1.1');
insert into tasks values ( 3,    1, 2, 'Task 1.2');
insert into tasks values ( 4,    2, 2, 'Task 1.1.2');
insert into tasks values ( 5,    3, 1, 'Task 1.2.1');
insert into tasks values ( 6,    2, 1, 'Task 1.1.1');
insert into tasks values ( 7,    3, 4, 'Task 1.2.4');
insert into tasks values ( 8,    3, 2, 'Task 1.2.2');
insert into tasks values ( 9,    3, 3, 'Task 1.2.3');
insert into tasks values (10 ,   2, 3, 'Task 1.1.3');

column task format a30

select task_id
      ,sequence_within_parent
      ,lpad(' ', 2 * (level - 1), ' ') || task task
from   tasks
connect by parent_id = prior task_id
start with task_id = 1
/

This query returns the following:

   TASK_ID SEQUENCE_WITHIN_PARENT TASK
---------- ---------------------- ---------------
         1                      0 Task 1
         2                      1   Task 1.1
         4                      2     Task 1.1.2
         6                      1     Task 1.1.1
        10                      3     Task 1.1.3
         3                      2   Task 1.2
         5                      1     Task 1.2.1
         7                      4     Task 1.2.4
         8                      2     Task 1.2.2
         9                      3     Task 1.2.3

The preferred output is below where the children are in the correct order:

   TASK_ID SEQUENCE_WITHIN_PARENT TASK
---------- ---------------------- ---------------
         1                      0 Task 1
         2                      1   Task 1.1
         6                      1     Task 1.1.1
         4                      2     Task 1.1.2
        10                      3     Task 1.1.3
         3                      2   Task 1.2
         5                      1     Task 1.2.1
         8                      2     Task 1.2.2
         9                      3     Task 1.2.3
         7                      4     Task 1.2.4

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Answer

The clause to be added to the query is “ORDER SIBLINGS BY SEQUENCE_WITHIN_PARENT”.

In the hierarchy all child nodes, or children, are referred to as siblings.

The full query for the example dataset is:

select rownum
      ,task_id
      ,sequence_within_parent
      ,lpad(' ', 2 * (level - 1), ' ') || task  task
from   tasks
connect by parent_id = prior task_id
start with task_id = 1
order siblings by sequence_within_parent
/
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